Posted by Jeff Condon on January 5, 2011
Recently at WUWT, I made a post on a thought experiment about the greenhouse effect. It was fun IMO, despite less than optimal wording. People got to vote on a couple of different situations which help them sort the reasons that ‘greenhouse’ is a misnomer. Well of course in the wild blue of the internet, you can pick up some interesting folk. I picked up someone who calls himself Will who has been explaining how fooled and dishonest people are who describe the AGW greenhouse effect. The thread is linked here if you’re interested in the complete history. Will is of the opinion that AGW is completely impossible, it’s not that far from my own except that I say it’s a real effect of unknown magnitude. Ok, so it is opposite.
Anyway, the dialog continued until even Anthony got tired of it. Sorry Anthony but I’m dogged if nothing else. It ended like this:
You are the Cliff Claven of WUWT.
To which he replied:
I have presented a sound logical argument as to why the “Greenhouse Effect” is bogus. I have given data backed by real replicable experiments.
I’ll tell you what Will, who is so certain he’s proved science wrong. If you like, I’ll do a post on your spinonthat page linked above that got the approval of your friend. If I can’t find 10 distinct errors in the single post, I’ll apologize for comparing you to Cliff Claven.
I didn’t know if he would reply but boy did he let ‘er rip.
You, do a post on my Diurnal Bulge paper? Ha! Boy you got some ego I’ll give you that.
10 distinct errors? In your dreams.
C) That re-emitted IR from the ground inside the greenhouse is the only mechanism responsible for raising the temperature of the air inside a greenhouse.
Greenhouse air temp increases primarily by reduction in convection, evaporation and conduction which are much greater effects than IR emission. No AGW supporting scientist claims otherwise.
When a photon of light collides with an air molecule, it’s direction of travel will be randomly altered. This has the effect of reducing the overall watts/m2 reaching the ground because the collision between the molecule of air and the photon of light not only has the potential to alter the direction the photon is traveling, but the molecules also absorb some of that energy from the photon which causes the gas molecule to vibrate and become heated. The energy of the light photon is then somewhat diminished.
Most air molecules vibrate electrically with most photons in a collision and the photon is transmitted unimpeded or refracted. Others absorb and re-emit them in random directions with the photon having exactly the same magnitude as absorbed. Most others which have absorbed the photon collide and trasmit the energy through mechanical mechanisms that reduce the energy of the molecule which may at some point in the future give up a lower energy photon.
Low powered long wave radiant heat transfer from two dimensional surfaces to three dimensional gases via conduction requires plenty of air movement because heat can only be transmitted to the first few millimeters of adjacent air conductively before convection occurs.
This process is a very slow and inefficient form of energy transfer.
Conduction is many times more efficient than radiation. And conduction is completely unreliant on IR to happen. It is a physical process by which molecules in contact with each other pick up their momentum. This statement like so many in his blog is completely scientifically unintelligable.
Conduction in this respect then is a consequence of radiation.
If the atmosphere was really transparent to incoming electromagnetic radiation, as is claimed, then among other things, all shadows would actually appear black.
Nobody, and I mean nobody but Will, ever claimed that the atmosphere was perfectly transparent to EM radiation (light).
The fact that shadows have a full spectrum of colour proves that the atmosphere diffuses the full spectrum of visible incoming electromagnetic energy.
Shadows on both clear and cloudless days don’t have the full spectrum of incoming electromagnetic energy.
Diffusion of incoming electromagnetic energy is in-fact absorption and re-emission. In order for air to diffuse light, air molecules must absorb the light photons and then re-emit those photons in random directions.
Diffusion is caused by many things other than absorption including diffraction, transparent particulate transmission and refraction.
The argument from the AGW fraudsters is that O2 and N2 are “IR inactive”, or in other words that these two gases are transparent to infra-red.
If atmospheric O2 and N2 really were “IR inactive”, as some have claimed, neither would be able to obtain enough energy to become gases in the first place.
Conduction is perfectly capable of heating molecules without IR.
One of the main problems with such a claim is that most of the Earths surface is covered with oceans which mostly remove energy from the atmosphere by conduction. There aren’t many regions on Earth where you can swim in the sea to get warm for example, which indicates that the atmosphere at most locations on Earth, is usually warmer than the oceans.
While I’m no proponent of AGW, he’s right that conduction is another method of heat transfer. However, claiming the oceans primarily remove energy because that’s a cold place to swim is a bit wild. If the oceans only removed energy, wouldn’t they get hot? Weird science but if you want to find some alternative unexplained energy transport which only goes from ocean to land – let me know.
Finally when the atmosphere transmits energy to space, it does so at the speed of light in the form of infra-red radiation as opposed to the much slower process of conductive heat transfer from the Earths surface.
Anyone who has studied thermo knows that conduction is a far more efficient and quick removal of heat than radiation.
Therefore it is not possible that 99% of the atmosphere (O2 and N2) is heated slowly via conduction by less than 30% of the Earths two dimensional surface. This process could never keep pace with the energy being emitted by 100% of the much larger three dimensional surface, emitting energy at the speed of light.
It is entirely possible to heat the atmosphere by conduction in this situation – and the conclusion that the land must create all of the heating is false. The speed of light is irrelevant — and funny!!
This is a critical point and worth reiterating. It is claimed that a greenhouse works because glass is opaque to infrared and blocks it in both directions
Greenhouses work by blocking convection and evaporation, the IR is a minor subtlety to be optimized at the owners convenience.
So the opacity of glass is crucial and even central, to the “Greenhouse Effect” hypothesis.
These two photographs prove conclusively that glass is not opaque to infra-red radiation, as is required by the “Greenhouse Effect” hypothesis.
LED’s used in the camera image emit in near infrared. 8 50-950 being fairly common. Glass is opaque to longer wavelength IR. The most transmissive glasses reflect 4% per surface so that there will always be a shadow.
Endless other examples left to the reader.
Proof that glass is not as transparent as it looks and yet, not as opaque to IR as is claimed.
This demonstration provides no evidence about the claimed transmission of glass.
The fallacious claim that glass is opaque to IR is not just a sloppy mistake, it is a 150 year old brazen lie.
Proof that I’m wasting my time — be good to me Kenneth!
The implications are very serious because without this false opacity of glass to infra-red radiation, the so called “Greenhouse Effect” attributed to greenhouses is false.
The effects and assumed consequences are completely unrelated.
Much of the energy absorbed by the leaves of the plants themselves, is utilised by the plants for photosynthesis.
Under 3 percent of the energy absorbed by the leaves is used. Even I can use a spell checker.
Error 19 — I’m really tired.
The fallacy in this logic is of course that when energy is lost it has a cooling effect not a warming effect. But the AGW logic has flipped reality upside-down so that atmospheric warming is caused by the energy being lost to space which is really in actual fact, cooling.
Yes yes yes, except that a bottleneck in cooling causes ‘warming’.
The most obvious clue that this graph is fraudulent is the fact that the incoming and outgoing energy have been set as equal or balanced. This is not a true energy budget of the Earth at all.
Nope, the miniscule energy locked into molecules has no measurable effect on temp. It is a constant subtraction of heat energy. That supresses temp slightly — slightly being insanely small. Were the energy in the graph imbalanced, we would have continued heating/cooling. Two errors agian?
In the official bogus “Greenhouse” theory with the “opaque to IR” glass, there is no stated mechanism by which a greenhouse can achieve equilibrium because as long as there is daylight, the ground will absorb SW energy and re-emit that as LW energy and the “greenhouse gases” will continue to absorb.
Complete exhaustion ensues. I skimmed the monster post before and didn’t realize how crazy it was. No comment.
Error #22 – the experiment
Two bottles behind a IR absorbing window ….
Two bottles behind an IR absorbing plastic.
Two bottles who’s inner surfaces are covered with IR absorbing water
Two bottles trying to detect a temperature change from an already absorbed and non existent photon with a mean path length of several meters having a mean gas crossection of a few centimeters. Probability of gas capturing any given IR photon — not very big.
Just why did he put the bottles in the window?
Again, clearly the reason that the “Greenhouse Effect” has yet to be demonstrated with such a simple experiment is because it is false.
AGW would predict thousandths of a degree of difference yet he uses sticker fish tank thermometers. Hopefully, he works at a sticker fish tank thermometer company and got them for free.
I skipped at least a dozen examples of complete scientific illiteracy but that should be enough to give me my 10.
Sorry again Kenneth, sometimes you gotta tell the slow that they are slow.